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超级建筑,ancient wonders古代奇观-亚历山大灯塔

网络整理 2019-06-11 最新信息

在亚历山大海湾保存着著名的世界七大奇迹之一的灯塔

亚历山大灯塔

Lighthouse (Pharos) of Alexandria

The Lighthouse of Alexandria on the tiny island of Pharos in the harbor of Alexandria, Egypt, is the archetype of all subsequent lighthouses and was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It was one of the last of the original Seven Wonders to be destroyed, after multiple earthquakes reduced most of the original structure to rubble, and the Sultan of Egypt turned it into a medieval fort around 1480.

位于埃及亚历山大港的法罗斯岛上的亚历山大灯塔是后来所有灯塔的原型,也是古代世界七大奇迹之一。它是最早七大奇迹中最后被摧毁的一个,在1480年左右埃及苏丹把它变成了一个中世纪的堡垒,多次地震把大部分的原始建筑夷为废墟。

超级建筑,ancient wonders古代奇观-亚历山大灯塔

来源于维基百科

The reasons for the construction of the Alexandria lighthouse

There are two reasons for the construction of the Alexandria lighthouse. First of all a utilitarian reason. The city had, at a short distance, an island called "Pharos". Gradually brought closer to the land by the deposit of silt brought by the Nile, it became a peninsula, forming two curves tightening towards the earth, delimiting two natural harbors that were quickly used.

Still, the Egyptian coast is dangerous. Flanked by reefs flush with the surface and even under water, it has sent a large number of Greek and Roman ships to the bottom, causing human dramas and material losses. To secure the port it was necessary to build a lighthouse, which was done.

The other reason is symbolic. A lighthouse was a rare building in the world, it was difficult to build because the proximity to the sea made complex work and the maintenance of the building was much more difficult to achieve than for buildings on land. Moreover, such works were always more useful for other buildings than for a lighthouse, which had always been used by sailors. It was therefore not only useful to build a lighthouse at the entrance to the port. It also marked the power of Egypt, and more particularly of Alexandria. The lighthouse was therefore a symbol of power, it served to propagate the name of Alexandria in the World.

Note that its reputation was so great that the name of this island became a common name: The island of Pharos, originally the word "Pharus" in Latin, which became "Phare" in French. All the Latin languages ​​have the same word to designate this edifice.

亚历山大灯塔建造的原因

亚历山大灯塔的建造有两个原因。首先是功利主义的原因。在很短的距离内,这个城市有一个名叫“灯塔”的岛屿。尼罗河带来的泥沙逐渐靠近陆地,形成了一个半岛,形成了两个紧贴大地的曲线,划定了两个很快使用的天然港口。

不过,埃及海岸仍很危险。它的侧面被礁石冲得水泄不通,甚至在水下,它已经使大量的希腊和罗马的船只沉入海底,造成了人类的戏剧性事件和物质损失。为了保证港口的安全,有必要建造一座灯塔,这一点已经完成了。

另一个原因是象征性的。灯塔是世界上一种罕见的建筑,但由于靠近海洋,使得建筑物的维修比陆地上的要困难得多,所以很难建造它。此外,这样的工作对于其他建筑物总是比灯塔更有用,因为灯塔向来是水手们使用的。因此,在港口入口处建造一座灯塔不仅是有用的。它还标志着埃及的权力,尤其是亚历山大大帝的权力。因此,灯塔是力量的象征,它的作用是在世界上传播亚历山大的名字。

值得注意的是,它的名声如此之大,以至于这个岛的名字就成了一个普通的名字:法罗斯岛,最初是拉丁语中的“法利赛斯”这个词,后来在法语中成为“法利”。所有的拉丁语都有一个相同的词来命名这个大厦。

本文作者:星期八的小屋(今日头条)

原文链接:http://www.toutiao.com/a6700705114946011659/

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Tags:埃及   建筑

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